@▷ ESR Meter / Transistor Tester | Diagram for Schematic

ESR Meter / Transistor Tester


ESR Meter
ESR Meter



  ESR Meter Component List:

1x ESR Meter / Transistor Tester Kit PCB
1x 16 x 2 LCD Display with Green Backlight
1x ATMEGA328 Programmed microcontroller
1x 28-DIP IC Socket
1x 16-PIN Gold Plated Male Header (LCD)
1x 16-PIN Gold Plated Female Header (PCB)
1x 3-PIN Gold Plated Machined Female Header
1x 2-PIN Gold Plated Male Header
1x 78L05 5V Voltage Regulator
1x Tactile Switch
1x 10K LCD Contrast Potentiometer
1x 1000pF 2.5% WIMA Capacitor
1x 10uF / 35V Panasonic Capacitor
2x 100nF Mylar Capacitors
11 x 1% Metal Film Resistors

  Technical Specifications:

ESR Measurements: 2.2uF - 20,000uF
ESR Resolution: 0.01Ω - 0.1Ω
Capacitance Measurements: 100pF - 20,000uF
Resistance Measurements: 0.1Ω - 20MΩ
Transistors: Tests and identifies PINs of all transistors: Bipolar (NPN, PNP), FETs, MOSFETs (N-Channel, P-Channel, enhancement-mode and depletion-mode MOSFETs), Thyristors, SCRs and Triacs.
Diodes: Tests and identifies PINs and voltage of diodes, dual diodes, varicap diodes (and their capacity), zener diodes (test voltage up to 5V) and LEDs.
Power Requirements: 7-16V
Current Consumption: 40mA



ESR Meter / Transistor Tester

 

ESR Meter is an irreplaceable tool for troubleshooting and repairing electronic equipment by determining performance and health of electrolytic capacitors. Unlike other ESR Meters that only measure ESR value this one measures capacitor's ESR value as well as its capacitance all at the same time. Additionally, ESR Meter also tests and identifies PINs of all transistors such as Bipolar (NPN, PNP), FETs, MOSFETs (N-Channel, P-Channel, enhancement-mode and depletion-mode MOSFETs), Thyristors, SCRs and Triacs. Tests and identifies PINs and voltage of diodes, dual diodes, varicap diodes (and their capacity), zener diodes (test voltage up to 5V) and LEDs. It measures resistance of resistors, power resistors, coils starting from just 0.1Ω up to 20MΩ.



What is ESR?


 

"ESR" stands for equivalent series resistance. ESR is one of the characteristics that defines the performance of an electrolytic capacitor. Low ESR is highly desirable in a capacitor as any ripple current through the capacitor causes the capacitor to heat up due to the resistive loses. This heating accelerates the demise of the capacitor by drying out the electrolyte at an ever increasing rate. Over the lifetime of a capacitor, it is not uncommon for the ESR to increase by a factor of 10 to 30 times or even go open circuit. Typical lifetime ratings for electrolytics are 2000-15000 hours and are very dependent on ambient operating temperature. As the ESR increases, the filtering operation of the capacitor becomes impaired and eventually the circuit fails to operate correctly.

Electrolytic capacitors are by far the electronic parts that suffer aging soonest. If you have any electronic equipment that over the years has degraded its performance, developed quirks, sometimes ending in complete failure, the chances are good that one or more electrolytic capacitors inside it have degraded, causing the problem. Electrolytic capacitors age in several ways: They can become electrically leaky, causing a DC current through them that can make them blow up. They can shift in capacitance value. But the most common way they degrade, by far, is by unduly increasing their equivalent series resistance, which is the undesired internal resistance that appears in series with the wanted capacitance at a given frequency.

ESR can generally give us a better indication about the health of a capacitor. As an electrolytic capacitor begins to dry up the ESR is affected much more than the capacitance. A capacitor with a correct capacitance value but abnormally high ESR is well on its way to failure because the high ESR will cause more heat build up which will end up destroying the capacitor. If the capacitor has already lost a fraction of its initial capacitance value, the ESR will normally have increased by a large factor.

ESR resistance value of a good capacitor depends on many factors, capacitance value is the most relevant. The higher the capacitance the lower the ESR. In any capacitor of over a few tens of uF it would be a fraction of ohm and even in the smallest electrolytic capacitors it would not be more than a few ohm. For a given capacitance the next most relevant factor is the quality of the design and manufacturing. Some capacitors are designed and built to have much lower ESR than others. After those two factors there are others which affect nominal voltage (for the same capacitor type/series, the higher the nominal voltage the higher the ESR) and temperature rating (the higher the temperature rating the higher the ESR).



ESR Reference Values

 

When measuring electrolytic capacitors use the following table to determine quality of measured capacitor. It is normal that capacitors with smaller capacity (1uF – 47uF) usually have higher ESR value while capacitors with higher capacity will have lower ESR value.

Capacitance

Capacitor Quality

uF 

Very high 

High

Normal

Low

Very low

1.0 

2.000 

5.000 

12.500 

31.250 

78.125 

2.2 

1.125 

2.812 

7.030 

17.574 

43.936 

4.7 

0.646 

1.616 

4.039 

10.098 

25.244 

10 

0.372 

0.931 

2.328 

5.819 

14.548 

22 

0.209 

0.524 

1.309 

3.273 

8.181 

47 

0.120 

0.301 

0.752 

1.880 

4.701 

100 

0.069 

0.173 

0.433 

1.084 

2.709 

220 

0.039 

0.097 

0.244 

0.609 

1.523 

470 

0.022 

0.056 

0.140 

0.350 

0.875 

1000 

0.013 

0.032 

0.081 

0.202 

0.504 

2200 

0.007 

0.018 

0.045 

0.113 

0.284 

4700 

0.004 

0.010 

0.026 

0.065 

0.163 

10000 

0.002 

0.006 

0.015 

0.038 

0.094 



Powering Up ESR Meter


 
ESR Meter 1. Connect ESR Meter to 7-16V power source / 9V battery

2. Connect component to be tested to input terminals (1/2/3)

3. Press “TEST” button

4. Component value will be displayed on LCD display



ESR Meter - Measuring Capacitors


 

ESR Meter

ESR Meter   ESR Meter

ESR Meter  



ESR Meter - Testing Transistors

 

ESR Meter   ESR Meter

ESR Meter   ESR Meter

ESR Meter   ESR Meter

ESR Meter   ESR Meter 



ESR Meter - Measuring Resistors

 

  ESR Meter   ESR Meter



ESR Meter - Testing Diodes and LEDs

 

  ESR Meter



Adjusting LCD Contrast

  If square blocks are visible on LCD display it might be necessary to readjust LCD contrast settings. Please detach 16x2 LCD Display from the main PCB board and adjust blue trimmer (102) counterclockwise. If text is to light adjust trimmer clockwise. Reconnect LCD display and power ESR Meter to make sure that LCD display has sharpest text without displaying square blocks in the background.



ESR Meter kit


  You can purchase a complete premium quality ESR Meter / Transistor Tester kit at Electronic-DIY store please see the link for more details.
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